Latest Submission

Stampriet Transboundary Aquifer System (STAS) – Governance of Groundwater Resources in Transboundary Aquifers (GGRETA) Project

Documentation: A read-only folder structure of all reports, data, and models related to the STAS can be accessed from here: Read more

Support to Phase 3 of the ORASECOM Basin-wide Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) – Plan: Overview

Overview The main objectives of this consultancy were to undertake scenario analyses, economic, water requirement projection and ecological support studies Read more

Water Resources Quality Joint Basin Surveys (JBSs)

The second 5-yearly comprehensive Joint Basin Survey (JBS2) of the quality of the water resources of the Orange-Senqu River Basin was undertaken Read more

2014 Integrated Water Resources Management Plan (IWRMP) – Summary and Documents

Purpose: This article will provide an overview of the 2014 IWRMP and provide links to the actual documents Related WIS Read more





The rainwater that was trapped and channelled by the hill at Tsabong has, for thousands of years, been a renowned source of ‘sweet’ water in an area otherwise plagued with few and brackish water sources. It has allowed humans, their livestock and wildlife to survive in the arid Kalahari of southwestern Botswana.

Pits have been dug for hundreds, perhaps thousands of years, prolonging the presence of water well into the dry season. In more recent times, these and other watering points have become foci around which settlements have developed.

This has made the water less accessible to wildlife and the area around the pans denuded and degraded from overgrazing, remobilising previously vegetated, stable dunes.